Periplus maris erythraei

Here there is a river affording an entrance for ships, with a little market-town at the mouth, called Oraea and back from the place an in-land city, distant a seven days' journey from the sea, in which also is the King's court; it is called There are imported into this place the things previously set forth, and from it likewise are exported the merchandise already stated, and the incense called mocrotu. Beyond Bacare there is the Dark Red Mountain, and another district stretching along the coast toward the south, called Paralia.

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The Periplus Maris Erythraei: text with introduction, translation, and commentary

Longmans, Green, and Co. Three Notes on The Text.

In the first 7 paragraphs of the text, the author describes the navigation from to and the trade in harbours and peripljs of call in the coasts of today's Egypt, Sudan and Eritrea. Lionel Casson - - Journal of Hellenic Studies And to the King and the Chief are given horses and sumpter-mules, vessels of gold and polished silver, finely woven clothing and copper vessels.

We find useful to publish it here integrally so that we give the reader full details about the Other Berberia. The remainder describes naris routes of the East-West axis running from Egypt, around the Arabian Peninsula and past the Persian Gulf on to the west coast of India.

And for the King there are brought into those places very costly vessels of silver, singing boys, beautiful maidens for the harem, fine wines, thin clothing of the finest weaves, and the choicest ointments. The anchorage is dangerous at times periplys the ground-swell, because the place is exposed to the north.

ReprintedNew Delhi: There are exported from these places ivory, and tortoise-shell and rhinoceros-horn. After these, the course turns toward the east again, and sailing with the ocean to the right and the shore remaining beyond to the left, Ganges comes into view, and near it the very last land toward the east, Chryse.

Vie commerciali maritime e terrestri. There are exported from the same place, and sometimes by the Berbers themselves crossing on rafts to Ocelis and Muza on the opposite shore, spices, a little ivory, tortoise-shell, and a very little myrrh, but better than the rest.

To those sailing down from that place, on the right hand, after eighteen hundred stadia, there is Berenice. The southern part of the bay is protected from the deep sea by numerous deltaic small islets separated from Mafia Island by shallow and narrow channels.

The Periplus Maris Erythraei

On the fast track of the Periplus: From the Publisher via CrossRef no proxy Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server Configure eyrthraei proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy. To the north the bay is open to the sea and any sailor entering the waters from that direction would feel as if he were entering a bay.

There are no wild beasts except the crocodiles; but there they do not attack men. There are exported from the same place the things produced in the country: Beyond the river Sinthus there is another gulf, not navigable, running in toward the north; it is called Eirinon; its parts are called separately the small gulf and the great; in both parts the water is shallow, with shifting sandbanks occurring continually and a great way from shore; so that very often when the shore is not even in sight, ships run aground, and if they attempt to hold their course they are wrecked.

He is also said to have been familiar with Greek literature:.

Ras Hafun in northern Somalia is believed to be the location of the ancient trade center of Opone. No categories specified categorize this paper. They come with their wives and children bearing great packs resembling mats of green leaves and then remain at some spot on the border between them and those on the Thina side, and they hold a festival for several days, spreading out the mats under them, and then take off for their own homes in the interior.

Schoff continues by noting that the author could not have been "a highly educated man" as "is evident from his frequent confusion of Greek erythdaei Latin words and his clumsy and sometimes ungrammatical constructions. Nahapanaruler of the Indo-Scythian Western Satraps is mentioned under the name Nambanus[18] as ruler of the area around Barigaza:.

Giuseppe Giangrande, On the Text of the Periplus Maris Erythraei - PhilPapers

Very many cattle are pastured there, and the men are of great stature and black in color. Marsi paper deals with the references to Indian emporia contained in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, as well as in related sources Pliny the Elder and Ptolemy.

Text With Introduction, Translation, and Commentary.

The final chapters describe the East Coast of India as far north as the mouth of the Ganges and include reports the author had heard of the uncharted lands beyond. Sailing along this coast well out at perkplus for two thousand stadia from the Marid Islands, there meets you an island called Sarapis, about one hundred and twenty stadia from the mainland.

Therefore we hold our course down the middle of the gulf and pass on as fast as possible by the country of Arabia until we come to the Burnt Island; directly below which there are regions of peaceful people, nomadic, pasturers of cattle, sheep and camels. Beyond this, the egythraei trending toward the north, there are many barbarous tribes, among whom are the Cirrhadae, a race of men with flattened noses, very savage; another tribe, the Bargysi; and the Horse-faces and the Long-faces, who are said to be cannibals.

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