The introductory chapter of the book chapter 1 defines key terms as afoundation for the remainder of the text, for example: The chapterelaborates on 'diglossia' coexisting codes performing separate functions in asociety with significant focus on the work of Ferguson and his idea of high andlow variety. Similarly to the previous two editions i. In dealingwith social dialects, linguistic variables ''linguistic item[s] which [have]identifiable variants'', p. In its entirety, the book offers numerous contributions concerning thesociolinguistic realities found in several geographical contexts.
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While the ''Exploration'' sectionspedagogically benefit the learner, an additional section in each chapterdedicated to learner guidance would also be useful.
Language planning is defined as a planned change in a language due to anation and government persuasion. The chapter discusses the difference between variation and change andchanges in progress illustrated with relevant examples from the literature. The latter, theauthor states, has been of more concern to contemporary linguists. The final chapter 5 of the first part of the book, ''Speech Communities'',centers on different sociolinguists' perspectives on defining a ''speechcommunity.
Grammaticality Judgments and Linguistic In his discussion,Wardhaugh explores the ''tu'' and ''vous'' distinction present in many languages intheir corresponding forms including Italian, German, Latin, Spanish, andSwedish. Thechapter provides a detailed explanation of Whorf's claim about languagestructure and its role in the speaker's world-view, concluding that thishypothesis remains unproved.
The Empirical Base of Linguistics: My library Help Advanced Book Search. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics Date: In ''Some Findings and Issues'' chapter 7Wardhaugh briefly reviews variousquantitative studies in sociolinguistics.
Drawing on examples from geographically diverse language situations,the author discusses sociolingistics factors for code-switching, such as conversationalstrategies, power, political expression, solidarity, identity, and accommodation. The conclusion, chapter 16, offers the readers the author's concluding remarksregarding the complexity of language, society, culture, and variation.
The chapter also includes sociolinyuistics section on ''Data Collection and Analysis'' primarilydealing with the issues involved in collecting relevant data, for example: An Introduction to Sociolinguistics.
To set a solid base forthe rest of the chapter, the author defines the following terms: Part II of the book concludes with language ''Change'' chapter 8. Eliminating some repeated topics of discussion for example,some of the content in chapter 6 overlaps with the content in chapter 2 wouldallow more room for incorporation of further topics.
Fully revised, with new and updated references to bring The author states that the purpose of many utterances is tomake propositions, however he distinguishes between several types of utterance.
While these are two wardhakgh the numerous topics considered,there is no section specifically focused on these crucial topics insociolinguistics.
Inpedagogical terms, the ''Exploration'' tasks found in every chapter, intended forfurther learner development on the presented topics, have a very practicalpurpose promoting critical thinking and evaluation.
The chapter covers three broadtopics, ''Speech Acts'', ''Cooperation'', and ''Conversation'', each elaborating onrelevant sub-topics. The chapter concludes with an overview of theupcoming parts and chapters of the book. While regional dialects dealwith variation according to geography, social dialects are associated with asocial class or group including societal factors such as education,social-class membership, gender, age, ethnicity, and so on.
The author alsoquestions the boundaries of intersecting communities as well as considersnetworks and repertoires.
Wardhaugh discusses two types of languageplanning ''status planning and corpus planning''the ideologies involved inlanguage wardhauggh linguistic assimilation, linguistic pluralism,vernacularization, and internationalism in addition to other issues involved language rights and data gathering.
Wardhaugh's work provides introductory sociolinguistic courses with an excellenttextbook, especially for advanced linguistic courses or graduate level courses. In his analysis of a variety of linguisticsituations in the world, the author includes in his examples language planningsituations in France, Switzerland, Spain, Turkey, Russia, Finland, Kenya, India,Papau New Guinea, Singapore, Norway, Canada, China and the United States; thusencompassing various parts of the world to illustrate the diverse linguisticsituations regarding language planning.
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Features increased emphasis on issues of identity, solidarity, and power Discusses topics such as language dialects, pidgins and creoles, codes, bilingualism, speech communities, variation, words and culture, wrdhaugh, solidarity and politeness, talk and action, gender, disadvantage, and planning.
An additional minor flaw concerns the lack of thorough wardhauhh of languageattitudes and ideologies. However, new to the sixth edition are the ''Exploration'' tasks found inevery chapter intended for further learning on the presented topics.
Wardhaugh closely examines Bernstein's socialization research based on a case inthe UK noting also the numerous criticisms of Bernstein's work and theories. The author's overview of the diverse relationshipsbetween language and society incorporates an extensive number of the world'slanguages and societies, offering a rich resource to learners in the area andeven further chapter-specific references included in the 'Further Reading'sections at the end of each chapter. One of the methodological concerns the chaptermentions is the necessity of perceiving sociolinguistics just as any otherscience requiring ''a solid database'' in order socioliinguistics achieve data-orientedconclusions as well as considering various research components, e.